Heavy metals (HM)

Protocol on Heavy Metals entered into force in December 2003. It focuses on cadmium, lead and mercury - heavy metals particularly harmful to human health and the environment. In accordance with the Article 8 of the Protocol EMEP shall provide to the Executive Body calculations of transboundary fluxes and depositions of heavy metals.

Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd), Mercury (Hg) - metals of the first priority

Arsenic (As), Nickel (Ni), Chromium (Cr), Zinc (Zn), Copper (Cu), Selenium (Se) - metals of the second priority

 


Persistent organic pollutants (POPs)

Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants entered into force in October 2003. It bans the production and use of some substances outright, while scheduling others for elimination or severe restriction at a later stage. In accordance with the Article 9 of the Protocol EMEP shall provide to the Executive Body calculations of transboundary fluxes and depositions of POPs.

Polychlorinated dibenzo(p)dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) - 17 congeners

Hexachlorobenzene (HCB)

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), Benzo[b]fluoranthene (B[b]F), Benzo[k]fluoranthene (B[k]F), Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene (IP)

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

 

New POPs included to the Protocol on POPs

Pentabromodiphenyl ether (PentaBDE); Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS); Polychlorinated Naphthalenes (PCN); Pentachlorobenzene (PeCBz); Hexachlorobutadien (HCBD); Octabromodiphenyl ether (OctaBDE); Short Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCP)

 

New POP-like substances (under consideration) 

Pentachlorophenol (PCP); Endosulphan; Dicifol; Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), Trifluralin

 

 

 

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