The Global Mercury Observation System (2010-2015)
The Global Mercury Observation System (GMOS) is a five year project, funded by the European Commission 7th Framework Programme (DG Research). More than twenty institutions from Europe, North and South Americas, Asia and Africa take part in the project as well as ten external advisors. The project was launched in the fall of 2010 and is aimed at:
General structure of the GMOS project
- Establishment of a global monitoring system for mercury including land-based, over-water and aircraft observations;
- Improvement and validation of regional and global scale atmospheric mercury models;
- Model application to evaluate source-receptor relationships, temporal trends and scenarios;
- Development of interoperable system for dissemination of the project output data.
GMOS will closely cooperate with major international programs including the UNEP Global Partnership Area on Atmospheric Mercury Transport and Fate Research (UNEP F&T), the Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollutants (TF HTAP) of the LRTAP Convention, the GEO Task HE-09-02d "Global Monitoring Plan for Atmospheric Mercury" and the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP).
MSC-E as a leader of one of the project work packages (WP7) co-ordinates the modelling activities on a global scale as well as takes part in the regional scale model assessment (WP8). The modelling consortium of the project consists of five global/hemispheric models and three regional scale models from different scientific groups of Europe and North America. The program of model development and application includes a variety of tasks:
- Update of modelling approaches and coupling global and regional-scale models;
- Utilizing measurement data for model evaluation and improvement;
- Model applications for the present-day conditions and reproduction of historical trends;
- Evaluation of mercury intercontinental transport patterns and contribution of global sources to mercury deposition in Europe;
- Forecasting mercury concentration and deposition patterns as well as source-receptor relationships for selected emission scenarios;
- Uncertainty analysis of the modelling results.
Health and environment integrated methodology and toolbox for scenario assessment (2007-2010)
In 2008 MSC-E took part in the EU HEIMTSA project under the 6th Framework Programme of the European Commission (EC). The project aims to support the Environment and Health Action Plan (EHAP) by extending health impact assessment (HIA) and cost benefit analysis (CBA) methods and tools so that environment and health impacts of policy scenarios in key sectors can be evaluated reliably at the European level. The role of MSC-E in the project was to assess by means of its chemical transport models the atmospheric dispersion of selected heavy metals and POPs and their concentration in different environmental media.
Estimation of willingness-to-pay to reduce risks of exposure to heavy metals and cost-benefit analysis for reducing heavy metals occurence in Europe (2004-2006)
MSC-E in 2005 participated in the EU ESPREME project under the 6th Framework Programme of the European Commission (EC). The project aims to develop methods and tools to support European environmental policy making in the specific case of reducing the harmful impacts of heavy metals in a harmonised way across Europe. The role of MSC-E in the project was to assess by means of its chemical transport models the atmospheric dispersion of selected heavy metals (Hg, Pb, Cd, As, Ni and Cr) and their deposition to water and soil.