Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East (MSC-E)

  is one of the international research Centres of the EMEP programme operating under the LRTAP Convention of UNECE.

  The Centre focuses its efforts on model assessment of the environment pollution with various toxic substances. >>>

TF HTAP Workshops on Hg and POPs Trends and Source Attribution

Two scientific workshops on Hg and POPs were jointly organized by Meteorological Synthesizing Center-East (MSC-E) and the Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution (TF HTAP) in April 2021. The workshops were aimed at development of a program of future Hg and POP activities within TF HTAP. They were particularly focused on (i) anticipating assessment needs of the LRTAP, Minamata, and Stockholm Conventions; (ii) reviewing progress made in other forums, including recent AMAP assessments; (iii) identifying cooperative activities that can be undertaken in the short term (2 years) and longer term (4-5 years) to improve our understanding and ability to estimate Hg and POPs pollution levels, trends and source attribution.   Read more…

  

 

Cooperation with maritime conventions (OSPAR, HELCOM)

MSC-E continued cooperation with the OSPAR and HELCOM marine conventions. OSPAR is focused on protection of the marine environment of the North-East Atlantic. HELCOM was established to protect environment of the Baltic Sea area.  In 2021 evaluated atmospheric loads of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Hg, Cu) and POPs (HCB, PBDE) long-term trends of atmospheric pollution and source attribution for the OSPAR regions of the North-East Atlantic and for the Baltic Sea and its sub-basins. It is important to note that long-range trends of atmospheric loads of the second priority metals (Cu) to the Baltic Sea was be assessed for the first time.

 

Case Study

The Meteorological Synthesizing Center-East (MSC-E) has been conducting a number of country-specific case studies for over 10 years with the support of the Task Force on Measurements and Modeling (TFMM). Objective of the study is to provide the counties with detailed information on pollution levels in addition to the regular information generated within EMEP. The countries receive detailed data on pollution levels with fine spatial resolution, source apportionment of pollution for provinces and cities, contribution of emission sectors and large point sources etc. In 2020, within the framework of the Case Study, a project to assessment the pollution of Germany was completed. The results of this work are presented in the Joint Report of MSC-E and German Environment Agency.

EMEP continues long-term co-operation with the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP). Currently, MSC-E participates in the on-going AMAP Assessment of the Arctic pollution by Hg providing the results of model simulations and contributing to preparation of the report. In particular, the Centre processes and illustrates multi-model simulations of Hg pollution levels in the Arctic based on both previous [AMAP/UN Environment, 2019] and new simulation results. Four chemistry transport models for Hg take part in the study – GLEMOS (EMEP/MSC-E), GEOS-Chem (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA), GEM-MACH-Hg (Environment and Climate Change Canada, Canada), DEHM (Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research, Denmark). The modelling results are evaluated against measurements of Hg0 air concentration and wet deposition in the Arctic and adjacent areas.

Co-operation with the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme on assessment of heavy metal and POP pollution is strategic direction of the EMEP activities that leads to mutual outreach, information-sharing and, ultimately, improvement of the pollution assessment. 

 

AMAP Assessments and other other projects related to heavy metals and POPs

AMAP/UN Environment [2019] Technical Background Report for the Global Mercury Assessment 2018. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme, Oslo, Norway/UN Environment Programme, Chemicals and Health Branch, Geneva, Switzerland. viii + 426 pp including E-Annexes.

Arctic Pollution 2011 - Mercury in the Arctic
Technical Background report to the Global Atmospheric Mercury Assessment (AMAP/UNEP, 2008)
Assessment of Long-range Transport of Hg, PCBs and y-HCH to the Russian North (EMEP/MSC-E Technical Report, 2003)
AMAP Assessment 2002 - Heavy Metals in the Arctic

 

 Heavy Metals

Lead deposition to the Baltic Sea in 2019, kg/km2/y
Cadmium deposition to the Baltic Sea in 2019, g/km2/y

 

Mercury deposition to the Baltic Sea in 2019, g/km2/y
 

 

Persistent Organic Pollutants

 
B[a]P deposition to the Baltic Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y
B[b]F deposition to the Baltic Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y
B[k]F deposition to the Baltic Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y
 
IP deposition to the Baltic Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y
HCB deposition to the Baltic Sea in 2019, g/km2/y
PCB-153 deposition to the Baltic Sea in 2019, g/km2/y
PCDD/Fs deposition to the Baltic Sea in 2019,
ng TEQ/m2/y
 

 

Heavy Metals

 
Lead deposition to the Black Sea in 2019, kg/km2/y 
cd black
Cadmium deposition to the Black Sea in 2019, g/km2/y

 

hg black
Mercury deposition to the Black Sea in 2019, g/km2/y

 

 

 

Persistent Organic Pollutants

 

B[a]P deposition to the Black Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y

B[b]F deposition to the Black Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y

B[k]F deposition to the Black Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y
 

IP deposition to the Black Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y

 

HCB deposition to the Black Sea in 2019, g/km2/y

 

 

PCB-153 deposition to the Black Sea in 2019, g/km2/y

PCDD/Fs deposition to the Black Sea in 2019,
ng TEQ/m2/y
 

 

1990 and 2013

Albania (pdf)

Armenia (pdf)

Austria (pdf)

Azerbaijan (pdf)

Belarus (pdf)

Belgium (pdf)

Bosnia and Herzegovina (pdf)

Bulgaria (pdf)

Croatia (pdf)

Cyprus (pdf)

Czech Republic (pdf)

Denmark (pdf) 

Estonia (pdf)

Finland (pdf)

France (pdf)

Georgia (pdf)

Germany (pdf)

Greece (pdf)

Hungary (pdf)

Iceland (pdf)

Ireland (pdf)

Italy (pdf)

Kazakhstan (pdf)

Kyrgyzstan (pdf)

Latvia (pdf)

Lithuania (pdf)

Luxembourg (pdf)

Malta (pdf)

Monaco (pdf)

Montenegro (pdf)

Netherlands (pdf)

Norway (pdf)

Poland (pdf)

Portugal (pdf)

Republic of Moldova (pdf)

Romania (pdf)

Russian Federation (pdf)

Serbia (pdf)

Slovakia (pdf)

Slovenia (pdf)

Spain (pdf)

Sweden (pdf)

Switzerland (pdf)

Tajikistan (pdf)

The FYR Macedonia (pdf)

Turkey (pdf)

Turkmenistan (pdf)

Ukraine (pdf)

United Kingdom (pdf)

Uzbekistan (pdf)

 

1990 and 2012

Albania (pdf)

Armenia (pdf)

Austria (pdf)

Azerbaijan (pdf)

Belarus (pdf)

Belgium (pdf)

Bosnia and Herzegovina (pdf)

Bulgaria (pdf)

Croatia (pdf)

Cyprus (pdf)

Czech Republic (pdf)

Denmark (pdf) 

Estonia (pdf)

Finland (pdf)

France (pdf)

Georgia (pdf)

Germany (pdf)

Greece (pdf)

Hungary (pdf)

Iceland(pdf)

Ireland (pdf)

Italy (pdf)

Kazakhstan (pdf)

Kyrgyzstan (pdf)

Latvia (pdf)

Lithuania (pdf)

Luxembourg (pdf)

Malta (pdf)

Monaco (pdf)

Montenegro (pdf)

Netherlands (pdf)

Norway (pdf)

Poland (pdf)

Portugal (pdf)

Republic of Moldova (pdf)

Romania (pdf)

Russian Federation (pdf)

Serbia (pdf)

Slovakia (pdf)

Slovenia (pdf)

Spain (pdf)

Sweden (pdf)

Switzerland (pdf)

Tajikistan (pdf)

The FYR Macedonia (pdf)

Turkey (pdf)

Turkmenistan (pdf)

Ukraine (pdf)

United Kingdom (pdf)

Uzbekistan (pdf)

 

1990 and 2011

Albania (pdf)

Armenia (pdf)

Austria (pdf)

Azerbaijan (pdf)

Belarus (pdf)

Belgium (pdf)

Bosnia and Herzegovina (pdf)

Bulgaria (pdf)

Croatia (pdf)

Cyprus (pdf)

Czech Republic (pdf)

Denmark (pdf)

Estonia (pdf)

Finland (pdf)

France (pdf)

Georgia (pdf)

Germany (pdf)

Greece (pdf)

Hungary (pdf)

Iceland(pdf)

Ireland (pdf)

Italy (pdf)

Kazakhstan (pdf)

Kyrgyzstan (pdf)

Latvia (pdf)

Lithuania (pdf)

Luxembourg (pdf)

Malta (pdf)

Monaco (pdf)

Montenegro (pdf)

Netherlands (pdf)

Norway (pdf)

Poland (pdf)

Portugal (pdf)

Republic of Moldova (pdf)

Romania (pdf)

Russian Federation (pdf)

Serbia (pdf)

Slovakia (pdf)

Slovenia (pdf)

Spain (pdf)

Sweden (pdf)

Switzerland (pdf)

Tajikistan (pdf)

The FYR Macedonia (pdf)

Turkey (pdf)

Turkmenistan (pdf)

Ukraine (pdf)

United Kingdom (pdf)

Uzbekistan (pdf)

 

 

Heavy Metals

 

pb casp

Lead deposition to the Caspian Sea in 2019, kg/km2/y
cd casp
Cadmium deposition to the Caspian Sea in 2019, g/km2/y
 hg casp
Mercury deposition to the Caspian Sea in 2019, g/km2/y
 
   

Persistent Organic Pollutants

 
B[a]P deposition to the Caspian Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y
B[b]F deposition to the Caspian Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y
B[k]F deposition to the Caspian Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y
IP deposition to the Caspian Sea in 2019,
g/km2/y
 HCB deposition to the Caspian Sea in 2019, g/km2/y
 
PCB-153 deposition to the Caspian Sea in 2019, g/km2/y
PCDD/Fs deposition to the Caspian Sea in 2019,
ng TEQ/m2/y
 

 

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New Substances

POPs - BDE-99, SCCP, PFOS

Heavy metals of the second priority - Cu

Atmospheric Supply of Nitrogen, Copper, HCB, BDE-99, SCCP and PFOS to the Baltic Sea in 2019
EMEP Centres Joint Report for HELCOM - MSC-W Technical Report 1/2021

Benzo(a)pyrene pollution

MSC-E Technical Report 2/2020
Assessment of PAH pollution levels, key sources and trends: contribution to analysis of the effectiveness of the POPs Protocol

MSC-E activity (Case study on Spain and France)

Country activities (Italy, Spain, Poland, Lithuania, Hungary, UK)

REACH regulation 
about PAHs

EEA Report 
"Air quality in Europe - 2019 report"
ETC/ACM Technical Paper 2016
UBA Report 2016
"Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
 - Harmful to the Environment! Toxic! Inevitable?"
 

ETC/ACM Report 2015
"Mapping ambient concentrations of b(a)p in Europe"

CHMI Report "Air Pollution in the Czech Republic in 2013"
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