Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East (MSC-E)

  is one of the international research Centres of the EMEP programme operating under the LRTAP Convention of UNECE.

  The Centre focuses its efforts on model assessment of the environment pollution with various toxic substances. >>>

TF HTAP Workshops on Hg and POPs Trends and Source Attribution

Two scientific workshops on Hg and POPs were jointly organized by Meteorological Synthesizing Center-East (MSC-E) and the Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution (TF HTAP) in April 2021. The workshops were aimed at development of a program of future Hg and POP activities within TF HTAP. They were particularly focused on (i) anticipating assessment needs of the LRTAP, Minamata, and Stockholm Conventions; (ii) reviewing progress made in other forums, including recent AMAP assessments; (iii) identifying cooperative activities that can be undertaken in the short term (2 years) and longer term (4-5 years) to improve our understanding and ability to estimate Hg and POPs pollution levels, trends and source attribution.   Read more…

  

 

Cooperation with maritime conventions (OSPAR, HELCOM)

MSC-E continued cooperation with the OSPAR and HELCOM marine conventions. OSPAR is focused on protection of the marine environment of the North-East Atlantic. HELCOM was established to protect environment of the Baltic Sea area.  In 2021 evaluated atmospheric loads of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Hg, Cu) and POPs (HCB, PBDE) long-term trends of atmospheric pollution and source attribution for the OSPAR regions of the North-East Atlantic and for the Baltic Sea and its sub-basins. It is important to note that long-range trends of atmospheric loads of the second priority metals (Cu) to the Baltic Sea was be assessed for the first time.

 

Case Study

The Meteorological Synthesizing Center-East (MSC-E) has been conducting a number of country-specific case studies for over 10 years with the support of the Task Force on Measurements and Modeling (TFMM). Objective of the study is to provide the counties with detailed information on pollution levels in addition to the regular information generated within EMEP. The countries receive detailed data on pollution levels with fine spatial resolution, source apportionment of pollution for provinces and cities, contribution of emission sectors and large point sources etc. In 2020, within the framework of the Case Study, a project to assessment the pollution of Germany was completed. The results of this work are presented in the Joint Report of MSC-E and German Environment Agency.

CCC

Chemical Coordinating Centre (CCC) is hosted by the Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU). The main tasks of the CCC are co-ordination and intercalibration of chemical air quality and precipitation measurements carried out on the basis of EMEP measurement programme. The measurement programme includes recommendations of methods to be employed in the countries in their monitoring, quality assurance and training (including field and laboratory intercomparisons), data validation and reporting as well as data storage. Besides the CCC leads the EMEP work in the field of atmospheric particulate matter.

CEIP

The EMEP Centre on Emission Inventories and Projections (CEIP) is hosted by the Umweltbundesamt Vienna (UBA-V) Austria. The main task of the CEIP is to collect emissions and projections from Parties to the LRTAP Convention, and to prepare data sets as input for long-range transport models. The emission centre has also been assigned the task of reviewing the submitted emissions to assist the Parties improving the quality of national inventories.

CIAM

The EMEP Centre on Integrated Assessment Modelling (CIAM) is hosted by International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). The CIAM prepares technical background material for the annual meetings of the Task Force on Integrated Assessment Modelling (TFIAM). The Task Force brings together information gathered from the Parties and from other Convention bodies on cost-effective emission control strategies. Its regular reports to the negotiating bodies of the Convention assist in the development of legal instruments (protocols).

MSC-E

The Meteorological Synthesizing Centre-East (MSC-E) of EMEP is located in Moscow, Russia. The main task of the centre is to model transboundary fluxes and source-receptor relationships of heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants.

 

MSC-W

The Meteorological Sinthesizing Centre West (MSC-W) of EMEP is hosted by the Norwegian Meteorological Institute (DNMI). The main task of the centre is to model transboundary fluxes and source-receptor relationships of acidifying and eutrophying air pollution, photochemical oxidants and particulate matter.

 

 

 

 

Meteorological Synthesizing Centre-East (Moscow, Russia) is one of the international Centres of Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of Long-Range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP). The Centre was established in 1979 to evaluate long-range transport of air pollution.

During the recent decades considerable attention has been given to the negative effects of heavy metals (HMs) and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) on various ecosystems in different environmental media. An essential progress in the assessment of HMs and POPs air pollution was achieved within the framework of the UN ECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). In June 1998 in Aarhus (Denmark) 36 Parties to the Convention signed the Protocols on POPs and HMs. In addition to the fulfillment of the basic obligations on the control of emissions, production and use of HMs and POPs the Parties to the Protocols encourage research, monitoring and co-operation, in particular, in the fields of emissions, long-range transport, deposition levels, etc.

Main activity of MSC-E is focused on the research and modelling the long-range transport of pollution. The Centre is responsible for the development and operational use of numerical models of HM and POP airborne transport and deposition. Modelling of pollution dispersion requires detailed knowledge of mechanisms of HM and POP release to, transport and transformation in, and removal from the atmosphere as well as accumulation in other environmental compartments. In general the models should be capable to evaluate airborne pollution transport at different levels including global, regional, and local scales. Besides the MSC-E provides Parties to the Convention with information on the pollution by HMs and POPs including levels of concentrations and deposition, their spatial and temporal trends, transboundary transport an source-receptor relationships.

Working in the field of HMs and POPs the MSC-E closely co-operates with other EMEP Centres, international organizations (WMOEEAAMAPUNEPHELCOMOSPAR etc.) and national scientific programmes.

 

EMEP

     

The Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP) was created to provide governments and subsidiary bodies under the CLRTAP with qualified information on pollution to support the development and further evaluation of the international protocols on emission reductions negotiated within the Convention. The work of the EMEP programme is focused on assessing the transboundary transport of acidifying and eutrophying substances, ground level ozone, persistent organic pollutants (POPs), heavy metals (HMs), and particulate matter.

The programme's activity includes: collection of emission data, monitoring air and precipitation quality, and modelling of atmospheric transport and deposition of air pollutants which are the basis for the assessment and regular reports on emissions, air concentrations and deposition, significance of transboundary fluxes, and exceedances of critical loads and threshold levels. The acting of the EMEP programme is carried by five international Centres (CCCCEIPCIAMMSC-E, and MSC-W) and four Task Forces (TFEIPTFIAMTFHTAP, and TFMM).
 
 

LRTAP Convention

      

The Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) is an international legally binding instrument aimed at protecting the environment and reducing the levels of contamination by harmful substances. The Convention was signed by 34 Governments and the European Community (EC) as a result of the High-level Meeting within the Framework of the ECE on the Protection of the Environment in November 1979 in Geneva and entered into force in 1983. The CLRTAP has elaborated a framework for controlling and reducing contamination of the environment and its harmful effects on human health caused by transboundary transport of air pollution. It has been extended by eight specific protocols.

 

 

 

 

 

Sergey Dutchak

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Director of Meteorological Synthesizing Centre – East. Scientific background is meteorology. Involvent in the investigation of transboundary air pollution more than 30 years.

Oleg Travnikov

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Deputy Director. Environmental scientist with background in computational physics and mathematics, developer of MSC-E regional and global chemical transport models. The current activities are focused on the development of the GLEMOS modelling system, studies of mercury processes and cycling in the environment, and heavy metal pollution assessment on both regional and global scales.

Alexey Gusev

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Environmental scientist with background in applied mathematics. The main field of activity are the development and evaluation of global/regional POP models being elaborated at the MSC-E, studies of POP transport and fate, and cooperation with international organizations with regard to POP pollution issues.

Ilia Ilyin

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Research scientist with background in meteorology. The main fields of activity are preparation of meteorological information for modeling, regional modeling of heavy metals atmospheric transport, development and validation of the transport models, and cooperation with WG of Effects. The current activity is focused on country-specific case studies on HM pollution assessment.

Olga Rozovskaya

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Environmental scientist with background in computer-aided design system. The main field of activity is preparation and analiysis of emission information and measurement data for modeling.

Victor Shatalov

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Education and previous work: mathematical physics and differential equations. Since 1998 - environmental modelling. Major research area is long-range atmospheric transport of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Prof. Shatalov is responsible for POP modeling.

Irina Strijkina

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Environmental scientist with background in computer-aided design system. The main field of activity is technical maintenance and design of web site, make-up and issue of reports, preparation of country specific reports.

Nadezhda Vulikh

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Environmental scientist with background in the technology in chemical industry. Main field of activities: the analysis of environmental POP pollution, physical-chemical properties of POPs and their usage in modeling of their long-range transport.

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New Substances

POPs - BDE-99, SCCP, PFOS

Heavy metals of the second priority - Cu

Atmospheric Supply of Nitrogen, Copper, HCB, BDE-99, SCCP and PFOS to the Baltic Sea in 2019
EMEP Centres Joint Report for HELCOM - MSC-W Technical Report 1/2021

Benzo(a)pyrene pollution

MSC-E Technical Report 2/2020
Assessment of PAH pollution levels, key sources and trends: contribution to analysis of the effectiveness of the POPs Protocol

MSC-E activity (Case study on Spain and France)

Country activities (Italy, Spain, Poland, Lithuania, Hungary, UK)

REACH regulation 
about PAHs

EEA Report 
"Air quality in Europe - 2019 report"
ETC/ACM Technical Paper 2016
UBA Report 2016
"Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
 - Harmful to the Environment! Toxic! Inevitable?"
 

ETC/ACM Report 2015
"Mapping ambient concentrations of b(a)p in Europe"

CHMI Report "Air Pollution in the Czech Republic in 2013"
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